Tech firms could be fined or blocked if they fail to protect users under new bill that has sparked fears curbs may be used to limit free speech
- Social media giants could be fined up to £18m for failing to remove content
- Sites could be blocked if they fail to remove content such as child abuse images
- New online laws will not cover articles or comment sections on news websites
Tech firms face fines of up to 10 per cent of their turnover if they fail to protect online users from harm, ministers will confirm today.
Under a new online harms bill, businesses will have a new ‘duty of care’ to protect children from cyberbullying, grooming and pornography.
However there are also concerns the legislation does not go far enough to protect legitimate news on the internet, and social media news feeds could be censored by tech giants.
Larger web companies such as Facebook, TikTok, Instagram and Twitter that fail to remove harmful content such as child sexual abuse, terrorist material and suicide content could face huge fines – or even have their sites blocked in the UK.
They could also be punished if they fail to prove they are doing all they can to tackle dangerous disinformation about coronavirus vaccines.
The new rules are designed to protect visitors to sites which allow users to post their own content or interact with others. THe Government is also considering whether to make the promotion of self-harm illegal
Ministers say that, as a last resort, senior managers could be held criminally liable for serious failings – although that law would only be brought in if other measures are shown not to work.
The government is also considering whether to make the promotion of self-harm illegal.
The new rules are designed to protect visitors to sites which allow users to post their own content or interact with others.
However, the laws will not affect articles and comment sections on news websites, and there will be additional measures to protect free speech.
Culture Secretary Oliver Dowden said the Online Harms Bill was said Britain was setting the ‘global standard for safety online’
These have yet to be agreed, and there is widespread concern that when news is accessed via social media or search, internet giants will try to protect themselves from draconian penalties by setting their algorithms to censor content which is controversial but legitimate, such as criticism of government handling of the Covid crisis.
Critics also say commercial organisations should not have the power to decide what news the public can read in social media news feeds, if it comes from legitimate news organisations.
Oliver Dowden, the Culture Secretary, said: ‘I’m unashamedly pro tech but that can’t mean a tech free for all.
‘Today Britain is setting the global standard for safety online with the most comprehensive approach yet to online regulation. We are entering a new age of accountability for tech to protect children and vulnerable users, to restore trust in this industry, and to enshrine in law safeguards for free speech.
Social media giants could be fined £18million, or 10 per cent of their global turnover, if they fail to protect their users from harm, under new laws set to come into place next year
‘This proportionate new framework will ensure we don’t put unnecessary burdens on small businesses but give large digital businesses robust rules of the road to follow so we can seize the brilliance of modern technology to improve our lives.’
The Daily Mail has long campaigned for children to be protected online, particularly via a duty of care.
Under the new rules, the most popular social media sites will be expected to set and enforce clear terms and conditions which explicitly state how they will handle content which is legal but could cause significant physical or psychological harm to adults.
This includes dangerous disinformation and misinformation about coronavirus vaccines, and will help bridge the gap between what companies say they do and what happens in practice.
Ofcom will have the power to fine companies failing in their duty of care up to £1 million or 10 per cent of annual global turnover, whichever is higher. It will have the power to block non-compliant services from being accessed in the UK.
The legislation includes provisions to impose criminal sanctions on senior managers.
Ministers said they will bring the powers into force should companies fail to take the new rules seriously – for example, if they do not respond fully, accurately and in a timely manner to information requests from Ofcom.
Home Secretary Priti Patel said the bill would give ‘internet users the protection they deserve,’ but critics have concerns that it could impact on free speech online
This power would be introduced by Parliament via secondary legislation, and reserving the power to compel compliance follows similar approaches in other sectors such as financial services regulation.
Home Secretary Priti Patel said: ‘We are giving internet users the protection they deserve and are working with companies to tackle some of the abuses happening on the web.
‘We will not allow child sexual abuse, terrorist material and other harmful content to fester on online platforms. Tech companies must put public safety first or face the consequences.’ Dame Melanie Dawes, Ofcom’s chief executive, said: ‘We’re really pleased to take on this new role, which will build on our experience as a media regulator. Being online brings huge benefits, but four in five people have concerns about it.
‘That shows the need for sensible, balanced rules that protect users from serious harm, but also recognise the great things about online, including free expression. We’re gearing up for the task by acquiring new technology and data skills, and we’ll work with Parliament as it finalises the plans.’
The new laws will be brought forward in an Online Safety Bill next year.
Children can be exposed to things on the internet that no youngster should see or experience, writes JOHN WHITTINGDALE
By John Whittingdale, Media Minister
Few things have advanced people’s freedom of speech more than the internet. It has made sharing information easier than ever and given people the power to speak out like never before.
But this openness has sometimes been abused and the internet has been used to spread the most vile content imaginable – from live streams of terrorist atrocities, to hate speech and child abuse.
Children once protected by the high standards placed on TV now spend most of their free time on the internet where they can be exposed to things no youngster should see or experience.
This includes the promotion of anorexia and self harm, to abuse from cyberbullies.
John Whittingdale, media and data minister, said Facebook, YouTube, TikTok and other internet companies will have a ‘legal duty of care towards their users,’ for the first time thanks to the new bill
No government should stand by while this despicable content stains the minds of our most vulnerable.
A Briton invented the world wide web, and today this country is making history once again by laying out tough new rules for big tech firms that dominate the online space.
Facebook, YouTube, TikTok and other internet companies will for the first time have a legal duty of care towards their users.
This will force them to curb the spread of illegal content and shield children from harmful material.
If they fail to live up to their duties, they’ll be hit where it hurts: In their pocket, with potential fines of billions for the biggest firms. In the most extreme cases their services will be blocked in the UK.
At the same time we must ensure that legitimate free speech is protected.
This is not about an Orwellian state removal of content or building a ‘woke-net’ where causing offence leads to instant punishment.
Free speech includes the right to offend, and adults will still be free to access content that others may disapprove of.
Safeguards will be built into the new laws to make sure companies cannot censor controversial viewpoints without good reason. If people feel they’ve been unfairly treated, they will be able to appeal.
News publishers are the bedrock of democracy. They share accurate, sourced and trusted information. These laws will not put that at risk.
News sites such as Mail Online will be exempt from the rules so they can continue to carry out their work.
The robust debate found in the reader comments below news stories will also not be affected by our plans.
There will also be protection to ensure that content from reputable news providers can be shared on social media.
The news industry has proven itself to be the fourth emergency service throughout this ghastly pandemic and we will always protect its vital role in holding power to account free from influence or favour.
The government does not want to become the thought police. We want to end this era of impunity for big tech and ensure future generations stay safe online.
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